HortScience, 39(5):1148-1152. A number of wild bees collect pollen from this plant, including Anthophora furcata, Anthidum manicatum, Anthophora plumipes, Anthophora quadrimaculata, Osmia aurulenta, Osmia caerulentes, and Osmia uncinata. [2] Commercial herbicides containing triclopyr are used to control glechoma. Ground-ivy substrate requirements have been studied extensively in parts of its native range. It was introduced into North America by settlers as early as 1672. The subspecies hibernica does not climb but spreads across the ground. Ground ivy is a vigorous grower that spreads across the ground forming dense patches that push out native plants. Also known as gill-over-the-ground and creeping Charlie, it was introduced into North America as an ornamental or medicinal plant, as early as the 1800s. Their activity in humans varies depending on many factors, including concentration, quantity of intake, and whether administration is internal or external. Lincoln, NE: Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. It can be a problem in grassed areas where fertility is poor, or in shade. Regional floras from Great Britain indicate that ground-ivy prefers damp, heavy, fertile and calcareous soils with a pH range from 5.5 to 7.5 but occurs in soils with a pH as low as 4.0 (review by []).In that region, it often grows on fine-textured soils and heavy clays ([], Landolt 1977 as cited in []). Mitch LW, 1994. Ground Ivy, once known as Nepeta glechoma and Nepeta hederacea in the Catnip genus, is a native of Europe and southern Asia. [3] The plant spends the winter as either a small ramet or a small rosette. Local distribution: Common and widespread throughout Britain and Ireland. It is commonly known as ground-ivy, gill-over-the-ground,[1] creeping charlie, alehoof, tunhoof, catsfoot, field balm, and run-away-robin. Habitat Top of page. It was introduced into North America by 1672, probably earlier, for medicinal uses. Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea), also known as "ground ivy," is an aromatic evergreen that's a close relative of mint. Easily cultivated, it grows well in shaded places. [3] Dry storage for a period up to a month is thought to improve the germination rate. Ground ivy is found in most of the world of similar climate. It can form dense carpet-like mats that displace other ground plant cover. Native to Europe and Asia, these ground covers were introduced to North America as ornamental plants. Its presence as an invasive weed in North America is the result of the value placed on it by European settlers as a medicinal herb and ale preservative; the species was imported and widely cultivated in herb and kitchen gardens. The 4-angled stems are prostrate to slightly ascending, and often form rootlets near the axils of the leaves when they touch the ground. Common name: Ground ivy, creeping Charlie, catsfoot, field balm, tunhoof, alehoof Botanical name: Glechoma hederacea Family: Lamiaceae (Mint) Worldwide distribution: Native to Europe and south-western Asia. This plant works well as ground cover in small areas or as a bedding plant, as the vines reach a maximum length of 3 feet and therefore aren’t best suited for use as a climbing plant. Let’s replace these invasive exotic plants with one or more of our native groundcovers. Creeping Charlie, ground ivy or gill-over-the-ground (Glechoma hederacea) Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea) was brought to the United States likely for food and medicinal reasons. It will form dense mats which can take over areas of lawn and woodland and thus is considered an invasive or aggressive weed in suitable climates where it is not native.[1]. Registered charity number 207238. The females depend upon pollen from hermaphrodites for pollination. Curtis Adams June 22, 2016. [3] There is disagreement among biologists as to whether hermaphrodite flowers can pollinate themselves. activity. There are also many cultivated varieties of ivy, with differing leaves which are variable in size, colour, number and depth of lobes. [3] Single clones can grow several metres across, although precise data is not currently available.[3]. hederacea; synonym; Glechoma serbica; variety; Glechoma hederacea 'Variegata' Species Seen in Austria - Mittersill. This type of ivy can cling to many surfaces and grow to a height of 100 ft. (30 m). It is toxic to many vertebrates, including horses, if eaten in … John Gerard, an English herbalist, recommended it to treat tinnitus, as well as a "diuretic, astringent, tonic and gentle stimulant. Overview; Gallery; Names; Classification; Records; Literature; Sequences; Data Partners + Online Resources. A European native, English ivy was brought to the New World by colonial settlers but soon naturalized into the wild. Kingdom Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales > Family Lamiaceae > Genus Glechoma . [17], Species of flowering plants in the mint and sage family Lamiaceae, Cultivation and medicinal and culinary uses. It grows well in shady areas where it can be very invasive, overwhelming other plants. There are two native subspecies of ivy in the British Isles: Hedera helix ssp. It usually flowers in the spring. English ivy is frequently used as a dense ground-cover in places where turfgrass and other ground-covers do not readily grow. It also thrives in lawns and around buildings since it survives mowing. Many types of ivy take their name from their native country. Creeping charlie may likewise mistaken for henbit (Lamium amplexicaule), which is an annual that grows during the winter. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Glechoma is sometimes confused with common mallow (Malva neglecta), which also has round, lobed leaves; but mallow leaves are attached to the stem at the back of a rounded leaf, where ground ivy has square stems and leaves which are attached in the center of the leaf, more prominent rounded lobes on their edges, attach to the stems in an opposite arrangement, and have a hairy upper surface. Thus the brewing-related names for the herb of, alehoof, tunhoof, and gill-over-the-ground. [1] It is also sometimes known as creeping jenny, but that name more commonly refers to Lysimachia nummularia. The Canarian ivy (Hedera canariensis) is a woody bush-type of ivy plant that is native to North Africa and the Canary Islands. The plant spreads either by stolon or seed, making it exceptionally difficult to eradicate. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Keep in mind that there are certain plants that look quite a bit like ground ivy. English ivy (Hedera helix) rapidly invades forests smothering and displace native understory flora. [3] Female flowers tend to be smaller than hermaphrodite flowers. Some people consider Glechoma to be an attractive garden plant, and it is grown in pots and occasionally as a groundcover. It can be a problem in grassed areas where fertility is poor, or in shade. Dichondra, a plant that is native to Texas, is one of them. It is also used as an ornamental climbing cover for fences, stone walls, and brick facades. How and exctly when it was distributed is not known. It can be a problem in heavy, rich soils with good fertility, high moisture, and low boron content. Houzz Contributor. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Some accounts report it is toxic to rodents, while bank voles in Great Britain have been observed to use it as a food source. Despite its name, Ground-ivy is actually a member of the dead-nettle family. Herb or Weed? hibernica. Habitat: Woodland, hedgerow, parks and gardens. Ground-ivy. Common invasive ground covers (periwinkle, English ivy and goutweed) are found throughout various areas of North America. Etymology. The subspecies hibernica does not climb but spreads across the ground. Ground ivy has a long history of use in alternative medicine and as an edible herb, dating back to the first century A.D. it was long considered a panacea (cure-all). It too can be used as a lawn substitute and have a weedy nature. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. There are no biological control agents to help to reduce its spread in North America. Known for its high vitamin C content, it is said to be one of the first herb and edible plants brought to … Ground ivy is a non-native perennial herb. It is common in moist areas, disturbed sites, low … Useful in kidney diseases and for indigestion." Ground ivy occurs throughout the U.S. in all of the Lower 48 except for Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico and has been reported to be invasive in natural areas from Wisconsin to Connecticut, south to … It is known to have medicinal properties. [10], Glechoma hederacea has been used in the traditional medicine of Europe going back thousands of years: Galen recommends the plant to treat inflammation of the eyes. The plant is also galled by several insects,[4] including Rondaniola bursaria (Lighthouse Gall),[5] Liposthenes glechomae[6] or Liposthenes latreillei (Kieffer, 1898) (a gall wasp). Ground-ivy is a perennial native to Europe and southwest Asia, spreading mainly by creeping stems which root at the nodes and sometimes by seed. Without Chemicals. hibernica. year. Ground ivy definition, a creeping, aromatic plant, Glechoma hederacea, of the mint family, having rounded leaves and whorling clusters of small blue flowers. Hand weeding can be an effective way to get rid of creeping charlie without chemicals. NON-NATIVE PLANT INVASIVENESS RANKING FORM ASSESSMENT FOR INVASIVE PLANTS NOT IN TRADE Form originally created for use in New York Indiana Form version date: November 1, 2010 1 Scientific name: Glechoma hederacea USDA Plants Code: GLHE2 Common names: Creeping Charlie, Ground Ivy Native distribution: Europe and Asia Date assessed: 7-23-2013 Assessors: Zach Deitch, … What is Ground Ivy? There is no doubt that the notorious English Ivy, Vinca, Yellow Archangel, and Japanese Pachysandra cover the ground thoroughly and have the added appeal of being easy and inexpensive to install - small numbers of plants will quickly fill in a large area. They are categorized based on their leaves. Filter Clear filters. sex. Joanne Barnes, Linda A. Anderson, J. David Phillipson, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, "A Nature Observer′s Scrapbook" galls found on herbaceous, soft stemmed plants, Leafminers of Europe - Liposthenes glechomae, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", Cheesemakingrecipe.com: Rennet for Cheese Making, "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine - An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs", "Pennyroyal Uses, Benefits & Side Effects - Drugs.com Herbal Database", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glechoma_hederacea&oldid=992763795, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:43. Ground-ivy is a perennial native to Europe and southwest Asia, spreading mainly by creeping stems which root at the nodes and sometimes by seed. It is used as a salad green in many countries. Alternatives. However, borax is toxic to ants and to animals at only slightly higher concentrations, and does not break down in the environment. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies) It usually grows in floodplain forests, semi-shaded areas near the rivers, lawns, cemeteries, waste areas. Wild pigs, however, are reported to feed on it. Figure #5. Ivy-types have flat and five-point lobes. Like crabgrass, glechoma's root has a tough-to-remove ball (un-belied by its delicate wide leaves). month. It thrives particularly well in shady areas where grass does not grow well, such as woodlands, although it can also be a problem in full sun. Ground ivy is a species of plant with green leaves and flowers. Since early centuries, Ground ivy was used in tea form to cool and encourage the eyes. Gound Ivy moved west and was naturalized in Indiana by 1856 and Colorado by 1906. 4. [11] Other traditional uses include as an expectorant, astringent, and to treat bronchitis. It is a variable species, its size being influenced by environmental conditions, from 5 cm up to 50 cm tall. 605 p. In cooperation with: University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Updated October 17, 2020. Naturalized in US & Canada. [7] Despite its name, it is not related to true ivy (Hedera). It is known to have medicinal properties. Here are some of the best types of ivy plants to grow indoors or outdoors.